Modern architecture embraces principle-based design, concrete, and minimalism. It also uses local materials and natural resources. Unlike its previous incarnations, modern architecture focuses on addressing the needs of modern society. Modern architecture has a wide range of characteristics, but some of them are common to most styles.
Modern architecture embraced minimalism

Minimalism embodies a philosophy of ‘less is more’. It is an approach to design that reduces ornamental elements and the amount of money spent on them. While this may seem simple, it is often challenging to incorporate into a design. Minimalism is characterized by decluttered spaces, geometric shapes, and light colour palettes. However, it is not without costs. Some minimalist designs use customised pieces, which can be quite expensive.
It embraced internationalization

In the early 1990s, Finnish architects were hesitant to embrace internationalization, but this shifted after the country joined the European Union in 1995. The membership opened up a broader market and increased opportunities for architectural competitions. In 1996, a Finnish office won a European competition for a new cultural building in Germany. By the early 2000s, there were signs of renewed international interest. Some firms entered international competitions and won projects in China and Europe.
It embraced principle-based design

Modern architecture is an architectural style that embraces principle-based design, internationalization, and minimalism. It differs from traditional architecture, which focuses on the appearance of the building rather than its function. The main characteristic of modern architecture is that it seeks to maximize the use of fewer materials. Its construction also makes use of lighter materials and avoids hiding the true nature of materials. It also makes use of colors, such as white and black, based on their reflective properties. The overall effect of modern architecture is a more uniform and efficient structure.
It embraced concrete

Concrete was a controversial material during the 20th century, but avant-garde architects embraced its revolutionary possibilities, even as it was associated with oppressive modern power structures. But concrete’s use did not start with the 20th century. The ancients had already used it to build their structures. For example, the Romans used it to create walls and arcuate spans, including the dome of the Pantheon. Today, the practice of using concrete in building is commonplace, with many uses today.
It was dominated by rectangular building forms

Architects influenced by modernist architecture included Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Other prominent modernist architects included Erich Mendelsohn and Walter Gropius. They used elements like metal railings, flat roofs, and curved partitions. These architects used new methods of mass production and rationality to create buildings and structures. They also utilized concrete, which was inexpensive and versatile. This made it possible to design structures of any shape.
It was influenced by Le Corbusier

The Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier is a key figure in the history of modern architecture. He was born in 1887 and died in 1965. Le Corbusier’s work helped revolutionize the style of residential housing. His designs made it easier to live in a city, reducing street noise and increasing natural light. He also advocated the use of new materials and industrial methods to create his structures.