Modern design embodies a number of characteristics. It is minimalist in nature, emphasizes function and form, and is inspired by a wide range of sources. In general, contemporary designs are cutting edge and tend to stimulate discussion. These designs also tend to use ideas, styles, and techniques that have never been seen before. However, they must adhere to some rules that were set forth during the time period in which they were developed.
Modern design is rooted in minimalism

Minimalism is a design philosophy that emphasizes simplicity. It aims to reduce ornamental elements to the bare minimum and keep the space open and uncluttered. While this might seem like a simple task, it can be challenging to achieve. By promoting geometric shapes, light colour palettes, and clean lines, you can create a peaceful and calming environment.
It emphasizes form and function

The modern design style is characterized by simplicity and focus on form and function. This approach combines elements of both minimalist and traditional styles. The diagram below illustrates the similarities and differences between these two styles.
It is influenced by a wide range of sources

Modern design has many influences and is shaped by a variety of sources. Architects from Scandinavia and other parts of the world have contributed to the style, including the famous Bauhaus buildings. Their buildings are highly functional and are often inspired by nature.
It is rooted in the age of machination

The modern design movement has its roots in Scandinavian and German architecture. Known for its clean lines and geometric forms, this style gained popularity in the early 20th century. It has several variations, including postmodern and midcentury modern. Scandinavian design is also associated with clean lines and natural materials.
It emphasizes clean lines

Modern design is defined by the use of clean lines, crisp angles, and a sense of balance. In this style, the furniture and decor is minimal, and the materials and colors are muted. This style is often used to create a modern look in a kitchen.