Throughout the nineteenth century, the world underwent a period of rapid change. The Industrial Revolution impacted many aspects of people’s lives. People migrated from the countryside to urban centers in order to work in factory towns. The resulting changes led to greater prosperity, but also to crowded living conditions for factory workers.
Pop art

Modern pop art is a type of art that uses a mix of popular culture images and artistic techniques. It began as a movement in the mid-1950s in the United States and Britain, and the imagery is still used in design today. Many Pop artists took inspiration from everyday life to create their works, which often questioned the conventions of fine art.
Op art

Op art is a form of modern art that utilizes optical effects to create complex images. Op art uses color to create volumetric and three-dimensional structures, resulting in images that are both ambiguous and striking. Op artists tended to use black and white to create the most striking effects, but many also used color. In fact, teaching at the Bauhaus in Budapest included the scientific study of color.

The term “Fauvism” was first used in the nineteenth century to describe a movement in art that was influenced by scientific theories about colour. This movement aimed to create works with vibrant colors that were not strictly naturalistic. Its practitioners also wanted to avoid painting objects in realistic poses, emphasizing the emotional power of color instead.
Le Dejeuner sur l’herbe by Edouard Manet

Le Dejeuner sur l’Herbe by Edouard Manet was a controversial work of art. Its size and modern style made it difficult to classify as a genre painting. As a result, it was rejected from the Paris Salon. Many art critics, including Albert de La Fizeliere of the Le Petit Journal, condemned the painting for its lack of “representation.” Other critics praised Manet’s skill with color but were unimpressed by its form.
Piet Mondrian

The Museum of Modern Art has the largest collection of paintings by Piet Mondrian in North America. Through the use of modern technologies, its conservation department has studied 16 oil paintings by the artist. It has also partnered with other museums to study three of his paintings.